What is the “Core”?
The core is defined as “the most central, innermost and essential part of something.” Your core is the center of your being, physically and energetically.
Anatomically, the core is comprised of the spinal column, the rib cage, the shoulders, the hips and the pelvis. This includes all the muscles, nerves, fascia, lymph, arteries, and veins in the neck, chest, abdomen and pelvis. The core also includes the throat, lungs, stomach, spleen, pancreas, liver, gal bladder, intestines, kidneys, bowel, bladder and reproductive organs.
The core is responsible for posture, respiration, circulation, swallowing, talking, digestion, immunity, blood sugar regulation, nervous system health, hormonal regulation, filtration, detoxification, bowel and bladder function, sexual function, stability, and internal pressure management. The muscles of the core are an integral part of the efficiency and function of all of your organs. Therefor the health of your “core muscles” is absolutely essential to your overall health.
The core muscles that are most necessary to address in populations with core or pelvic dysfunction include: the pelvic floor muscles, transverse abdominus, obliques, rectus abdominus, serratus anterior and posterior, scalenes, SCM, and all paraspinal muscles including multifidus. Training your core muscles to optimally support respiration, digestion, elimination, and organ function is the best thing you can do to improve your longevity.
What is the “Pelvic Floor”?
The pelvic floor is a central support system at the base of your pelvis comprised of muscles, fascia, ligaments, tendons, nerves, blood vessels and lymph. The muscles of the pelvic floor connect to the front of the pelvis at the pubic bone, and travel all the way to the back of the pelvis at the tailbone and sit bones.
The pelvic floor has many important roles:
Prevent leaking of bowel or bladder
Allow of efficient emptying of bowel and bladder
Support all internal organs, hips and spine
Provide circulation to pelvis and lower extremities
Sexual and reproductive health.
When the pelvic floor is unhealthy or injured, any or all of these functions can become compromised. If this occurs, a consultation with a pelvic health physiotherapist is highly recommended to diagnose and resolve any pelvic health issues.